Caroline Nichols Churchill
Adopted by Lynn Donaldson, PhD
Caroline (Kate) Churchill was a leading feminist
during the late nineteenth century. Upon arriving in Denver, “a
good atmosphere for weak lungs,” this aggressive visionary
completed a lifelong ambition by starting her own newspaper. Churchill
was a true entrepreneur — writing, editing, and peddling
her Colorado Antelope and later, The Queen Bee.
suffrage, temperance, and the “great Catholic threat,” her
paper’s circulation reached 2,500, “the highest for
any weekly between Kansas City and San Francisco.” Perhaps
more important, her publication gained a reputation as the nation’s
first emancipation newspaper. As a Denver author and publisher,
she often traveled across the country to promote her books.